Brew strong and carry on.

By Rebecca Morris
April 07, 2020
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Now that many coffee shops and cafés have closed for the foreseeable future, you may find yourself dreaming of your usual cappuccino or latte and wondering how to make these coffee drinks at home. Similar to other non-essential services we're used to outsourcing, like haircuts, you might feel intimidated by the idea of DIYing the coffee order you usually leave up to the experts. We hope this guide to being your own barista will help give you the confidence to brew, froth, and flavor your at-home coffee like a pro.

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Credit: Jonathan Lovekin

The first step is to brew a good cup of strong coffee. Whether you're using a fancy espresso machine, a sturdy French press, or tried-and-true drip coffee apparatus, use fresh, quality coffee beans and follow the ratio of coffee to water as directed in the recipe. Want to play on easy mode? Cold brew will provide the caffeine kick with little effort—just be prepared to wait about a day until you can drink in all the benefits.

If your current stash of coffee isn't the highest in quality or freshness, don't sweat it and just work with what you've got. After all, heaps of frothy milk and a spoonful of sugar can hide a multitude of sins—as can a little salt. Adding a pinch to the grounds before brewing will help to mask bitterness and bring out the coffee's natural sweetness.

All About the Espresso

The one thing that drinks like macchiatos, cappuccinos, and lattes all have in common is that they use espresso. Espresso is coffee that is made by using the pressure from steam to force water through the grounds. The result of that process is a rich, oily, and intense coffee that a regular brew just can't match. There is a workaround for those with regular coffee makers, which is to make your brew on the stronger side to mimic the same characteristics of espresso, or even add a pinch of instant espresso powder to your brew before turning it into your preferred drink.

And That Steamed Milk

Now we're moving on to mastering the things that make your favorite coffee order feel so special: frothy foams, flavored syrups, and fragrant spices. While a milk steamer or frother is a great gadget to have on hand for cappuccinos and lattes, it's not mandatory. Here's what you do if you don't have one: Pour some milk—ideally skim or two percent for maximum froth—into a jar no more than halfway full. Add a couple of pinches of sugar (this is optional, but it gives the foam more volume). Then seal and shake the jar vigorously for thirty seconds. To stabilize the foam and keep it from collapsing back into the liquid, remove the lid and zap it in the microwave for thirty seconds (the heat acts as a stabilizer for the foam). For iced coffee lovers, you can have your foam and drink it cold, too, with this iced latte recipe.

Flavored Coffee

It's no secret that the way flavored coffees are made at the café is through a pump or two of that thick syrup you see sitting near the big espresso machines. But it's not hard to recreate the flavors at home—try syrups like hazelnut, vanilla, caramel, and chocolate to start. For those wanting to avoid added sugar, flavor your coffee with extracts instead: simply stir a teaspoon of vanilla, hazelnut, almond, or go wild with peppermint or coconut into the coffee grounds before brewing.

If you're already on the flavored coffee train, don't stop at just syrups. Try this Arabic coffee, which is a Turkish-style coffee that boils ground dark-roast coffee with sugar and cardamom pods.

Love That Latte Art

Once you've mastered the foundations of a strong cup of coffee and foamy milk, there's not much else you need to do except sip and enjoy your creations. However, if you were always the kid who relished at the idea of extra credit assignments, this is a great time to practice some latte art. Making these foam hearts is a great starter recipe for the novice barista in all of us; try them first, then move on to the more intricate designs. On the other hand, if you're heart belongs with those crushable blender-based coffees, it's a cinch to whip up a frappe or a caffeine-spiked smoothie right at home if you have a blender on hand.

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