Lilac plants -- if well cared for -- can live a long time. Some live over one hundred years. Once established, they are drought tolerant and easy to care for. The flowers bloom on last year's wood, so prune the branches in the late spring/early summer, after the blooms fall off. Generally, bushes can grow up to 15 feet tall, though there are a few dwarf varieties that are about three feet tall. As a cut flower, lilacs don't last long in a vase (a few days at most); to prolong them, be sure to cut stems with very sharp pruners. Except for a few hybrids, lilacs enjoy cold winters -- this helps stimulate spring blooming.
Here are some of Martha's favorite varieties -- and their best features.
- Blooms profusely in all parts of the country
- Good for warm-winter locations
- Large clusters of single, white flowers
- Unique two-toned blooms
- Large trusses of single blue flowers
- Deeply colored double blooms
- Single white blooms
- Huge clusters of large florets
- Very unique yellow color blooms
- Extremely rare
- Blooms two weeks earlier than most lilacs
- Blooms three times per year
- Attracts bees and butterflies