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How to Cook Fish Eight Different Ways

Poach, fry, steam, sauté, sear, or roast a delicious fish dinner.

Flounder en Papillote with Asparagus and Shiitake Mushrooms on decorative plate
Photography by: Ryan Liebe

Fish is much easier to cook than you might think—and there are so many mouthwatering options in the sea (and lake, and river). If you're stuck in a rut with seafood cookery, take a swim here and discover some new-to-you techniques for filets, whole fish, and more.

 

Related: What You Need to Know When You're Buying Fish

 

Steam

Let us make the case for cooking fish en papillote (the fancy term for steam-roasting in parchment paper): The result is deeply flavorful, since the steam created by the wine and butter and the fish's own moisture stays in the parchment packet. It's a cinch on weeknights, but also excellent for dinner parties. Everyone gets her own pretty parcel of entrée and vegetables—just add crusty bread to sop up the juices.

 

Get the Flounder in Parchment with Asparagus and Shiitakes Recipe

Whole-Roasted Branzino with Lemon and Thyme on plate with lemon wedges and silverware
Photography by: Ryan Liebe

Roast

Approach a whole fish the same way you would a whole chicken. Rub it with olive oil, sprinkle it with salt and pepper, stuff the cavity with lemon and herbs, and it's ready for the oven. But here's the winning difference: Fish is done in less than half the time. This beauty is a branzino, a widely available type with mild, flaky white flesh. You can substitute almost any one-to-three-pound variety you want, including snapper, sea bass, or trout.

 

Get the Roasted Branzino with Lemon and Thyme Recipe

Cold-Poached Salmon in skillet with thermometer
Photography by: Ryan Liebe

Poach

This technique is a hit with home cooks who love to entertain for good reason: It produces tender flesh that's delicious warm or at room temperature, so you can make it long before guests arrive. We prefer cold-poaching, which means letting the liquid and fish come up to temperature together (rather than dropping a fillet into hot liquid), because the fish doesn't "seize up" (get tough) and remains silky. Also, skin-on fillets are preferable: The fat adds flavor, and laying them in the pot skin-side down prevents the pieces from sticking. 

 

Use water as the poaching liquid when you want to infuse a fish with aromatics while it cooks. For this salmon, we added lemons, leeks, celery, peppercorns, and bay laurel.

 

Get the Easy Skillet-Poached Salmon Recipe

Oil-Poached Halibut with Fennel, Tomatoes, and Olives with mashed potatoes
Photography by: Ryan Liebe

You can also poach fish in olive oil. It gives any fish, from flaky to steak-y, a buttery texture and lets its flavor shine through. Our cold-poaching technique uses less oil than traditional recipes—about one cup of olive oil instead of the usual six to eight.

 

Get the Oil-Poached Halibut with Fennel, Tomatoes, and Olives Recipe

Buttermilk-and-Cornmeal-Fried Catfish on serving plate
Photography by: Ryan Liebe

Fry

The magic of this method is how it elevates the flavor of freshwater fish. Our favorite is catfish, which some skip because it's a bottom-feeder and can taste muddy. But a buttermilk brine balances the cloudiness with clean acidity. (It does the same for tilapia, another great fish for frying.) 

 

Get the Fried Catfish Recipe

Black Sea Bass with Capers and Herb-Butter Sauce in large pan
Photography by: Ryan Liebe

Sauté

An easy way to get dinner on the table in less than 30 minutes is to saute fish fillets. Choose any flaky white fish with a thin skin that will get super-crispy in the pan. The secret is to slash the skin a few times (at two-inch intervals), so when you lay the fish skin-side down in the hot pan, it won't curl up and will cook evenly.

 

Get the Black Sea Bass with Capers and Herb-Butter Sauce Recipe

Coconut-Curry Monkfish Soup in speckled bowl with spoon
Photography by: Ryan Liebe

Braise

With meat or poultry, a braise calls for browning (aka dry heat) then adding a small amount of liquid to finish the cooking (wet heat). Braising fish often skips the browning, streamlining and speeding up the process. Firm fish like halibut, haddock, rockfish or monkfish are good in a braise. Their dense texture holds up well, and you don't need to worry if you cook them a few extra minutes.

 

Get the Coconut-Curry Monkfish Soup Recipe

arctic char and sesame tuna on plates
Photography by: Ryan Liebe

Sear

Using high heat to get a good sear on fish is like cooking a steak rare. The high heat also keeps the fish from sticking, which eliminates the need for any fat in the pan and makes this an exceptionally healthy entrée

 

Get the Sesame-Crusted Tuna Tataki Recipe

Caribbean-Spiced Salt-Roasted Snapper on sheet pan
Photography by: Ryan Liebe

Bake in Salt

Encasing a whole fish in two pounds of salt sounds outrageous but this time-honored method ensures moist and flavorful flesh that doesn't taste overly saline, thanks to the barrier of the skin. It also makes for an exciting presentation: There's nothing quite like bringing the tray to the table and cracking open the salt shell with the back of a spoon or a knife.

 

Get the Salt-Roasted Snapper with Carribean Spices Recipe

No Cook (Let Acidity Do the Job)

Carpaccio is thinly sliced raw fish that you drizzle with lemon juice, vinegar, or another acidic ingredient to "cook" it (i.e., firm up the flesh as heat would) in minutes. We like it with Arctic char, a milder, delicate cousin of salmon, it's buttery and rich, and pairs well with the sweetness of beets and oranges. Fluke, sea bass, and snapper are other good choices for carpaccio.

 

Get the Arctic Char Carpaccio with Beets and Citrus Recipe