Oft-overlooked cauliflower is elevated to bubbling, golden-brown heights when paired with Belgian endive and small pasta shapes, then covered in a rich sauce. Gruyere and fresh breadcrumbs top the gratin. Coarse gratings of Parmesan are the rustic finish to this baked dish.
Source: Martha Stewart Living, November 2006
1/4 cup (1/2 stick) unsalted butter, plus more for dish
2 heads Belgian endive, cut lengthwise into sixths
1 cup fregola Sarda (semolina pasta) or Israeli (large pearl) couscous
2 large heads cauliflower (about 2 pounds), cut into florets
1/4 cup all-purpose flour
3 cups milk
2 tablespoons finely chopped fresh marjoram or oregano
1/4 cup coarsely grated (about 2 ounces) Parmesan cheese
Preheat oven to 400 degrees with rack in lower third. Butter a 1 1/2-quart, deep, wide ovenproof dish. Put endive in bottom of dish. Arrange pasta or couscous over endive. Top with cauliflower.
Melt butter in a medium saucepan over medium heat. Whisk in flour. Reduce heat to medium-low. Cook, stirring, 2 minutes. Whisk in milk; cook, whisking, until mixture thickens, about 4 minutes. Remove from heat. Whisk in marjoram, salt, black pepper, and cayenne. Whisk in Gruyere until smooth. Pour over cauliflower. Sprinkle with breadcrumbs. Set dish on a baking sheet.
Bake 30 minutes. Sprinkle with Parmesan. Reduce temperature to 350 degrees; bake until cauliflower is tender, about 40 minutes. (If browning too quickly, tent with foil.) Transfer to a wire rack; let cool 10 minutes before serving.