The American Wirehair breed is uniquely American, having begun as a spontaneous mutation in a litter of upstate New York farm cats in 1966. A spontaneous mutation is an uncommon, although not rare, occurrence: A kitten is born that is unlike its parents or littermates. The progeny of the original mutation, Council Rock Farm Adams of Hi-Fi, are now in all areas of the United States. What is interesting and unusual about this particular mutation is that it has not been reported in any other country thus far.
The coat is the characteristic that separates the American Wirehair from all other breeds. Just as there is a wide variety of texture in Persians or Exotics, there is also considerable variation among the Wirehairs. As this is a dominant mutation, approximately half of the kittens will be wirehaired at birth. The most readily apparent wiring is that of the whiskers; ideally, the entire coat will be wired at birth. To produce the best wiring, both parents must have a hard coat. Wirehairs were first accepted for Cat Fanciers' Association registration in 1967 and for championship competition in 1978.
Breeders find American Wirehairs easy to care for, resistant to disease, and good producers. Pet owners delight with their quiet, reserved, and loving ways.