Heat a large skillet over medium. Season steaks with salt and pepper; add to skillet. Cook, turning once, until medium-rare, about 8 minutes. Transfer to a cutting board; let rest 5 minutes, then thinly slice crosswise. Set aside.
Cut oranges to release segments; set aside. Over a medium bowl, squeeze remaining membranes to release 2 tablespoons juice; whisk in oil, honey, and ginger. Season with salt and pepper. Add lettuce, onion, carrots, and orange segments; toss to combine. Top salad with steak.