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Finnan-Haddie Canapes


Smoked haddock, known as finnan haddie after the Scottish village Findon, is available in some fish markets. Salt cod makes a good substitute and is generally easier to find.

  • Servings: 6


  • 1/4 pound smoked haddock or salt cod
  • 4 cups milk
  • 1 clove garlic, peeled
  • 6 sprigs fresh thyme, plus more for garnish
  • 1 small potato, peeled and quartered
  • 2 tablespoons heavy cream
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground pepper
  • 3 tablespoons freshly grated horseradish, or to taste
  • 1 baguette (12 inches long), sliced into 1/4-inch-thick slices on the diagonal
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil


  1. Place the smoked haddock in a large bowl, and cover with cold water. Soak fish 4 hours, changing water every 30 minutes. Alternatively, keep bowl under a thin stream of constantly running water. If using salt cod, soak the fish 12 hours.

  2. Remove haddock from water; discard any bones. Transfer fish to saucepan. Add milk, garlic, thyme and potato. Set over medium-low heat; simmer until haddock is very soft, about 1 hour. Pour mixture through a sieve set over bowl; discard thyme and milk. Transfer solids to a large bowl.

  3. Heat the oven to 400 degrees. Using a fork, gently mash the haddock, potato, and garlic together, adding enough cream to make a thick paste. Add the salt and pepper, and stir in the horseradish.

  4. Place the bread slices on a baking sheet, and toast until golden. Brush toast with olive oil, and spread fish paste on top. Garnish servings with the fresh thyme.

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