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Crocheting a Granny Square

Martha Stewart Living, November 2000

Granny squares, a mainstay of American needlecraft for more than a century, offer endless ways to combine and juxtapose pleasing colors, textures, and weights of yarn. Using them as the building blocks, you can create scarves, throw blankets, soft blocks, pincushions, or, of course, an old-fashioned pot holder.

Take another look at How to Crochet to make sure you know how to do a slipknot, chain stitch, double crochet, and foundation ring.

Crochet Abbreviations

st(s)= stitch(es)sl
st(s)= slip stitch(es)
ch(s)= chain stitch(es)
t-ch= turning chain
sc(s)= single crochet(s)
Repeat from * to *= Asterisks indicate that you must repeat the instructions between them.

How to Work a Square

To begin: ch6, then join last ch to first ch with sl st to form foundation ring.

Round 1: Working into ring, ch3, 2dc, ch2. Then, *work (3dc, ch2) into ring.* Repeat from * to * twice more. Join last stitch beginning of round with a sl st into top of first ch3. (You will have four clusters in all when you have completed the round. Turn your work over (traditional granny squares are not turned, but we liked the cleaner effect; turn after each round or our pattern will not work). If you stop between round, it's a good idea to leave your work right-side up.

Round 2: Starting where you ended on Round 1, sl st into the space created by the ch2 in the previous row. (There will a gap there, which will make the space easy for you to find.) Work (ch3, 2dc, ch2, 3dc) into this space. *Skip to the next gap, and work (3ds,ch2, 3dc) into that space*. Repeat from * to * twice more. Join last stitch to beginning of round with a sl st into top of first ch3. (You will have 8 clusters in all). Turn your work over.

Round 3: Starting where you ended on Round 2, sl st into space created by ch2 in previous row. Ch3, 2dc into this space. *Skip to next gap; work (3dc, ch2, 3dc) into this space, then skip to next gap and work 3dc into that space.* Repeat from * to * twice more. Skip to next gap; work (3dc, ch2, 3dc) into remaining space. Join last stitch to beginning of round with a sl st into top of first ch3. (You will have 12 clusters in all.) Turn your work over.

Round 4: Starting where you ended on Round 3, sl st into gap created by ch2 in previous row. (Ch3, 2dc) into this space. *Skip to next gap; work into that space, then skip to next gap; work 3dc into that space, then skip to the next gap; work 3dc.* Repeat from * to * twice more. Skip to next gap; work (3dc, ch2, 3dc). Finally, skip to next gap; work 3dc. Join last stitch to beginning of round with a sl st into top of first ch3. (You will have 16 clusters in all.) Stop here. After completing last round, snip yarn, leaving a little extra; make a sl st and pull end of yarn through loop; pull to tighten. Weave in outer loose end of yarn; trim loose end at center. (For larger square, turn work over and add more rounds, increasing number of clusters per side as you go and turning work over after each round.)

Joining New Yarn in a Granny Square

Change colors only at the beginning of a new round. Snip yarn, leaving a short end, at end of previous round; finish with a slip stitch; pull tight. To attach yarn, insert hook for first stitch. Hook new yarn; draw it through the space, leaving it looped over hook. 9. Catch both ends of yarn; draw through loop. Continue with pattern, letting loose end of yarn lie along the piece to be covered by first set of stitches. When square is finished, loose ends can be trimmed.

Creating Corners

A granny square begins as a round. 10. To make it into a square, corners are created buy working two clusters separated by chain stitches into only one space. 11. After all four corners have been worked, work a slip stitch (sl st) to close the round and join the last stitch to the first by sliding the hook through first ch, catching yarn, and drawing it through both loops on the hook.

Stitching Seams

Thread yarn needle with yarn the same color as perimeter of square. 12. Place squares right sides together, and join using a whipstitch; pass needle beneath both loops of outer chain on each square, as shown.

Comments (1)

  • Martisa Vignali 25 Oct, 2012

    This reminds me of the Grandmother Flower Garden pattern with the geometric array of regular hexagons. It helps in explaining vertex figures. I like this one that is pictured here though. I think this might be something to take off into a realistic representation of geometry.