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Orchid Glossary

The Martha Stewart Show, February 2007

Phalaenopsis
Phalaenopsis are probably the world's most popular orchid. In the past few years, there has been a tremendous new range of hybrids in colors, shapes, and sizes that don't exist in nature. These hybrids are just as easy to grow as the familiar white phalaenopsis but offer windowsill gardeners a multitude of choices to fit their tastes.

Brassidium Fangtastic
This is an oncidium hybrid with outrageous spidery flowers on a long inflorescence. They are very dramatic-looking and easy to grow. Brassidiums like regular watering and bright light to produce their dramatic flower spikes. They are an easy group to cultivate and, when happy, can reward the grower with more than one flowering a year.

Dendrobium Roy Tokunaga
A relatively new group of dendrobium hybrids. They are easy to grow and put on a spectacular display of flowers. They are extremely long lasting and sometimes last several months. These wonderful and floriferous orchids grow easily in warm temperatures and are not as sensitive to cold.

Paphiopedilum Julius
Stately multiflowered paphiopedilum hybrid with long-lasting flowers. These multifloral lady's slipper orchids are no more difficult to grow than other paphiopedilums. They require warm temperatures. Most of the strap leaved paphs, as they are sometimes referred to, like a little more light than other paphiopedilums and can be grown in similar light that you would give a cattleya.

Tolumnia Jairak Rainbow
Sometimes called equitant oncidiums they are from the Caribbean and grow in relatively dry habitats. They are easy to grow on a sunny window sill and are full of color. Since tolumnias are from sunny, slightly dry climates, they need to be grown in small pots with just a little mix. Give them good light -- you know they are receiving enough light when the foliage gets a slightly purple cast. They don't like to have their roots restricted at all. They like to be misted frequently and allowed to dry before being watered again.

Potinara Free Spirit
There is now a wide range of miniature cattleyas, like this bright yellow flower, with all the beauty of their larger cousins in a more compact plant. Cattleyas like bright light and moderate temperatures. They like a free draining mix to have good air circulation around their roots. Cattleyas have water storage in their stems so they don't mind drying slightly in between watering and in fact like to dry out slightly before being watered again.

Resources
The New York Botanical Garden
Bronx River Parkway at Fordham Road
Bronx, NY 10458
Phone: 718-817-8700

The Orchid Show
February 24-April 8, 2007
An Exhibition in the Enid A. Haupt Conservatory