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AKC Meet the Breeds: French Bulldog

American Kennel Club, Inc. (c) 2011

Often described as "a clown in the cloak of a philosopher," the French Bulldog originated as, and continues to be used as, a companion dog. The breed is small and muscular with heavy bone structure, a smooth coat, a short face, and trademark "bat" ears. Prized for their affectionate natures and even dispositions, they are generally active and alert, but not unduly boisterous. Frenchies can be brindle, fawn, white, and brindle and white.

A Look Back
Lacemakers in 19th Century Nottingham, England selectively bred the early bulldog for a downsized or "toy" bulldog, for use as a lap pet. When the Industrial Revolution displaced some lacemakers to France, they took the dogs with them, and soon the "toy" bulldogs became popular in France, where wealthy Americans doing the Grand Tour saw and fell in love with them. In the late 1800s these "toy bulldogs" became known as French Bulldogs.

Right Breed for You?
Frenchies are indoor dogs but require air conditioning in warm weather. While good at alerting their owners to danger ("Look! The delivery guy is coming!"), their main role is that of lap warmer. The Frenchie requires minimal exercise and grooming.

  • Non-Sporting Group; AKC recognized in 1898.
  • Must weigh 28 pounds or less.
  • Companion.



AKC Meet the Breeds is a registered trademark of the American Kennel Club, Inc.

Comments (3)

  • iLOVEfrenchBullDogs 8 Mar, 2012 has the cutest puppies. but only on occasion. Good ones are hard to get.

  • MrsfromMS 6 Nov, 2011

    We have the most loveable, playful Frenchie named Izzy. She started out as a foster, but has decidedly become a part of our family. She has two Jack Russell sisters and a Silkie Terrier brother now. She does not walk well with the group as the heat here in the deep South is too hot for her, but watch out when she gets into the backyard! What a character.

  • favilanj 27 Oct, 2011

    Frenchies are the best! They're like potato chips...You can't have just one. Loveable, smart (yet stubborn), and very low maintenance. My girls are the best!