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AKC Meet the Breeds: Golden Retriever

American Kennel Club, Inc. (c) 2011

The Golden Retriever, with its intelligence and eager-to-please attitude, is one of the most popular breeds in the United States according to AKC Registration Statistics. The working ability that has made the Golden Retriever such a useful hunting companion also makes him an ideal guide, assistance, and search-and-rescue dog. The golden-colored coat is the hallmark of this versatile breed, and can range from light to dark gold.

A Look Back
The Golden Retriever originated in the Scottish Highlands in the late 1800s and was used predominantly for hunting. The breed was developed by Lord Tweedmouth, whose goal was to create a superb retriever suited to the Scottish climate, terrain and available game. He crossed his original "Yellow Retriever" with the Tweed Water Spaniel (now extinct) found on his estate. Later integrations of Irish Setter, Bloodhound, and more Tweed Water Spaniel produced the retriever we know today.

Right Breed for You?
This active and energetic Sporting breed can adapt to many different living situations but requires daily exercise. His water-repellant double-coat sheds seasonally and needs regular brushing. With his friendly temperament and striking golden color, this breed is both beautiful to look at and a joy to own.

  • Sporting Group; AKC recognized in 1925.
  • Average size: from 55 to 75 pounds.
  • Devoted companions, hunting dog.



AKC Meet the Breeds is a registered trademark of the American Kennel Club, Inc.

Comments (2)

  • tia_lumas 23 May, 2012

    Hi, I am actually thinking of shaving my golden for the summer. any advise on if or how this should be done. I dont want to mess up her double coat for winter.

  • jgmurray 6 Jan, 2011

    I love my <a href="">Golden Retriever Puppies </a> Tweedsmouth certainly did a great job creating a dog that loves to run and fetch, thats for sure. I could do without all of the shedding, but I guess thats just part of it.