French Dough

The water needed in this recipe will vary with the temperature and humidity of your kitchen. On a cool, dry day, you may need up to 7 ounces in step 2 to create a sticky dough. It should feel wet when you begin kneading -- the flour will absorb the water as you work the dough. To make boules, divide the dough in half, and follow the Multigrain Boule recipe from step 7. Bake boules 35 to 40 minutes.

  • Yield: Makes 3 baguettes, 16 rolls, or 2 boules
French Dough

Photography: ANNA WILLIAMS

Source: Martha Stewart Living, January 2007


For the Starter

  • 5 1/4 ounces King Arthur unbleached all-purpose flour (1 cup plus 2 tablespoons)
  • Pinch of active dry yeast
  • 5 1/2 ounces cool water (75 degrees to 78 degrees; 2/3 cup)

For the Dough

  • 11 ounces King Arthur unbleached all-purpose flour (2 1/4 cups plus 1 tablespoon)
  • 1 3/4 teaspoons active dry yeast
  • 6 ounces cool water (75 to 78 degrees; 3/4 cup)
  • 1 3/4 teaspoons fine sea salt
  • Vegetable-oil cooking spray


  1. Make the starter: Stir together flour, yeast, and water with a rubber spatula in a medium bowl. Cover with plastic wrap, and let stand at cool room temperature until it has risen slightly and bubbles cover entire surface, 12 to 15 hours.

  2. Make the dough: Whisk together flour and yeast in a large bowl. Add water and starter, and stir with spatula until mixture comes together in a slightly sticky, loosely formed ball of dough. Cover with plastic wrap and let rest for 20 minutes.

  3. Gently turn dough onto an unfloured work surface. Sprinkle with salt.

  4. To knead: Gather dough, lifting it above work surface. Hold one end of dough close to you while you cast the other end in front of you, onto the surface. Pull the end of dough in your hands toward you, stretching it gently, then fold the dough in half on top of itself. Repeat. Lift, cast, stretch, and fold. Knead the dough until it is smooth, supple, and elastic, 8 to 10 minutes. Use a dough scraper to clean the surface as needed, adding the scraps to the dough. (Dough will be very sticky, but avoid adding more flour until the end, when it may be necessary to add a very small amount. Add the flour to your fingers, not the dough.) Form into a ball.

  5. Place dough in a lightly oiled bowl. Cover with oiled plastic wrap. Let rise at cool room temperature for 45 minutes.

  6. Gently turn dough onto a lightly floured surface. (Do not punch down.) Fold into thirds, as you would a business letter. Then fold it in half crosswise. Return to bowl, cover, and let rise at cool room temperature until it has almost doubled, at least 75 minutes.

  7. Gently turn dough onto a lightly floured surface. Using a dough scraper or a knife, divide dough into equal portions (3 if making baguettes, 2 if making boules or rolls.) Cover with oiled plastic wrap, and let rest for 20 minutes.

  8. On a lightly floured surface, spread each portion of dough into a rectangle that's roughly 10 by 6 inches. Fold dough into thirds again, as you would a business letter, pressing seams with your fingers. Shape portions into baguettes, rolls, or boules.


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