If something happens to your dog or cat late at night, when veterinarians may be unavailable, don't panic. With a basic knowledge of emergency care and a well-stocked first-aid kit, you can treat many common pet problems at home, says Dr. Peter Kross of Manhattan's Rivergate Veterinary Clinic.
Caring for Dogs
Eye Irritation: Use 1 percent saline solution to flush eyes.
Bite Wounds: Clean and treat wound with hydrogen peroxide and triple antibiotic ointment.
Garbage Raid: Give dog white bread and butter if simply want something to pass. If concerned about toxic substances, call poison control.
Bee Sting or Allergies: Give Benadryl pills for generalized allergies and cream for topical rash. Go to the emergency vet if pet is in distress.
Caring for Cats
Gash in Skin from Grooming: Clean wound with peroxide, cover with bandage and tube sock, and place paper collar over cat's head.
Trimmed Nails Too Short: Place talc on nail bed to stop bleeding
Pet Emergency Kit
Dr. Kross recommends keeping the following items on hand in a first-aid kit for pets:
- Saline solution
- Hydrogen peroxide
- Antibiotic ointment
- Pedialyte or Gatorade
- Lanacane cream
- Mineral oil