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Old garden rose: Rosa Madame Hardy

Old garden rose: Rosa

Bred in 1832 by Empress Josephine's head gardener and named for his wife, 'Madame Hardy' is a classic old garden rose. It flowers only once per season, but the sheer abundance and heady fragrance of the very double, white blooms more than compensate. Like other damasks, it has an open, somewhat lax habit and bears blossoms that are very fragrant.

Rosa rose white leathery, glossy leaves,,semiglossy leaves,,semiglossy leaves,,leathery leaves,,matte leaves,,glossy,,glossy leaves,,leathery leaves,,,,,,semiglossy leaves,,semiglossy leaves,,leathery leaves, shrubby, billowing leathery, glossy leaves,,semiglossy leaves,,semiglossy leaves,,leathery leaves,,matte leaves,,glossy,,glossy leaves,,leathery leaves,,,,,,semiglossy leaves,,semiglossy leaves,,leathery leaves medium-green leathery, glossy leaves,,semiglossy leaves,,semiglossy leaves,,leathery leaves,,matte leaves,,glossy,,glossy leaves,,leathery leaves,,,,,,semiglossy leaves,,semiglossy leaves,,leathery leaves 119 summer 0 0 4.0 4.0 rose Fungal diseases (black spot, powdery mildew) may stunt and discolor leaves or defoliate entire shrubs, especially in humid regions. Common pests include aphids, spider mites, and Japanese beetles. 4 10 Madame Hardy 48 72 48 60 plants that have gray or silver foliage and blue or white flowers. Martha uses lamb's ears lavender catmint and erect plants, such as foxgloves hollyhocks delphinium, and monkshood which contrast well with the mounding forms of many old garden roses and come in similar colors. Monitor soil moisture all season; use soaker hose to give roses an inch of water weekly during dry weather. Once newly planted bare-root roses break dormancy, feed with an all-purpose fertilizer at half rate, following package directions. After the first season, feed with balanced organic fertilizer in early spring and again in early summer at first bloom, and spray bushes with kelp extract in early fall. 0 To discourage fungal diseases, avoid wetting foliage, and remove and dispose of fallen leaves. Spray a mixture of 4 teaspoons baking soda and 1 tablespoon horticultural oil per gallon of water; repeat weekly. In Zone 10, strip remaining leaves from shrubs at spring pruning. For aphids and spider mites, use horticultural oil, following package directions. Handpick Japanese beetles, and destroy. Rose Bible;, Taylors;, DK Roses; strong, classic rose In the humid east, this rose is suited for Zones 4-8. To extend the hardiness range a zone or more northward, protect through winter by mounding a mix of 1 part sandy loam and 1 part compost 10 inches high around and over the bases of the bushes. Apply the mix in late fall when cold weather has settled in. Remove half of mix in spring when roses' buds swell, and rake the rest out for mulch. The damask family of roses dates back to ancient times, very likely originating in or around Damascus. Historians believe that damasks were introduced in Europe by crusaders, who collected them and brought them back. Choose a sunny site with fertile, well-drained soil, and amend with well-rotted manure or compost. Plant container-grown roses in spring or fall (at least a month before frost), at the same level they were in the pot. Plant bare-root roses in early spring; before planting, soak entire plant in water for 12-24 hours to replace lost moisture. Dig a 2-by-2-foot hole. Return some soil to hole, forming a 1-foot mound. Place plant on the mound, fanning out roots. In Zones 6 and warmer, set bud union just above soil level. In Zones 5 and colder, set bud union 2-4 inches below soil level. Cover roots with soil, and water thoroughly, but do not fertilize at this time. 1 When leaf buds open in spring, remove winter-damaged branches, and crossing and weak canes. After early-summer flowering, cut back remaining canes by a third to half. Do not deadhead, as hips are decorative. fertile, well drained 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 > 0 1 0 0 damask rose
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