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English rose: Rosa Graham Thomas

English rose: Rosa Gra Large-flowered, deep-yellow 'Graham Thomas' was bred by Englishman David Austin and introduced in 1983. Named for the English rosarian, it is one of the first yellow roses with old-fashioned form. Although classified as a shrub rose, it tends to grow more vigorously and can be used as a sprawling climber in warm climates. Like other English roses, it offers the old-fashioned form and fragrance of old roses and the repeat-bloom characteristic of modern roses. Rosa rose yellow semiglossy leaves,,,,,,,leathery leaves,,glossy leaves,,,,leathery leaves,,,,dull leaves,,,,matte leaves, shrubby to climbing semiglossy leaves,,,,,,,leathery leaves,,glossy leaves,,,,leathery leaves,,,,dull leaves,,,,matte leaves medium-green semiglossy leaves,,,,,,,leathery leaves,,glossy leaves,,,,leathery leaves,,,,dull leaves,,,,matte leaves 119 fall summer 0 0 4.5 4.5 rose Fungal diseases (black spot, powdery mildew) may stunt and discolor leaves or defoliate entire shrubs, especially in humid regions. Common pests include aphids, spider mites, and Japanese beetles. 5 10 Graham Thomas 48 96 48 72 a range of perennials. At Turkey Hill, Martha integrates roses into many of the flower beds, mixing them with peonies phlox, monkshood Japanese anemones euphorbias, and meadow rues Monitor soil moisture all season; use soaker hose to give roses an inch of water weekly during dry weather. Once newly planted bare-root roses break dormancy, feed with an all-purpose fertilizer at half rate, following package directions. After the first season, feed with balanced organic fertilizer in early spring and again in early summer at first bloom, and spray bushes with kelp extract in early fall. 0 To discourage fungal diseases, avoid wetting foliage, and remove and dispose of fallen leaves. Spray a mixture of 4 teaspoons baking soda and 1 tablespoon horticultural oil per gallon of water; repeat weekly. In Zone 10, strip remaining leaves from shrubs at spring pruning. For aphids and spider mites, use horticultural oil, following package directions. Handpick Japanese beetles, and destroy. Taylor's Roses;, Rose Bible;, DK Roses;, Arena; sweet, tea scented In the humid east, this rose is suited for Zones 5?9. To extend the hardiness range a zone or more northward, protect through winter by mounding a mix of 1 part sandy loam and 1 part compost 10 inches high around and over the bases of the bushes. Apply the mix in late fall when cold weather has settled in. Remove half of mix in spring when roses' buds swell, and rake the rest out for mulch. The rose has been England’s national flower since 1485, when the houses of York, represented by a white rose, and Lancaster, represented by a red rose, united with the marriage of Elizabeth of York to Henry VII, signifying the end of the War of the Roses. Choose a sunny site with fertile, well-drained soil, and amend with well-rotted manure or compost. Plant container-grown roses in spring or fall (at least a month before frost), at the same level they were in the pot. Plant bare-root roses in early spring; before planting, soak entire plant in water for 12?24 hours to replace lost moisture. Dig a 2-by-2-foot hole. Return some soil to hole, forming a 1-foot mound. Place plant on the mound, fanning out roots. In Zones 6 and warmer, set bud union just above soil level. In Zones 5 and colder, set bud union 2?4 inches below soil level. Cover roots with soil, and water thoroughly, but do not fertilize at this time. 0 If grown as a shrub: When leaf buds open in spring, remove winter-damaged branches, and crossing and weak canes; cut back remaining canes by a third to half. Deadhead unless decorative hips are desired; in north (Zones 7 and cooler), allow hips to develop in late summer and fall to prepare bushes for dormancy. In Deep South (Zones 8?10), shorten canes again when growth resumes after summer. If grown as a climber: When leaf buds open in spring, remove winter-damaged branches, and crossing and weak canes. After early-summer flush of flowers, cut back horizontal side branches by half. Renew old, declining bushes at this time by removing oldest, woodiest cane; tie in a new, vigorous cane as fertile, well drained 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 use as sprawling climber in warm climates 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 > 0 1 0 0 English rose
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