Along with garlic and anchovies, Nicoise olives are integral to Provencal cuisine. They have an appealing nuttiness and are especially delicious in a vinaigrette tossed with white beans and pear tomatoes and then served over peppery arugula.
After they simmer with shallots, garlic, black pepper, red-pepper flakes, fresh thyme, and parsley, baby artichokes are paired with tender, blanched fava beans. Frozen lima beans may be substituted for fava beans. If you choose to do so, start with the second step.